Financing Flood Losses: A Discussion of the National Flood Insurance Program

Financing Flood Losses: A Discussion of the National Flood Insurance Program

Risk Management and Insurance Review

Carolyn Kousky

The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) has been providing flood insurance to households and businesses for almost 50 years. To inform the policy discussion leading up to reauthorization, this article analyzes five aspects of the NFIP: (1) risk modeling and risk communication, (2) the roles of the public and private sector, (3) takeā€up rates, (4) incentives for risk reduction, and (5) rate setting and the financing of catastrophic flood events.

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