Incentivizing Local Governments to Manage Disaster Risk More Effectively

To effectively reduce federal exposure to disaster losses and simultaneously encourage local governments to better manage their risk and invest more in cost-effective risk reduction measures, FEMA should widely eliminate assistance for the repair and reconstruction of public buildings, exempting small and financially challenged communities that would not otherwise recover.Read More

The Role of Natural Disaster Insurance in Recovery and Risk Reduction

As climate change continues to influence extreme events, the role of insurance in adapting to these changes is becoming an increasingly important topic. In theory, insurance has a critical role to play in promoting disaster resilience. However, empirical papers cleanly identifying the relationships between insurance and recovery and mitigation outcomes is surprisingly limited.Read More

Does the Coastal Barrier Resources Act Provide a Policy Template to Address Wildfire Risk?

The CBRA prohibits federal financial assistance related to new development in designated coastal barrier areas, forcing private actors to bear the full costs of development. Could a similar approach be used to address escalating wildfire costs? Could Congress designate a “High Wildfire Hazard Resources System” to eliminate federal incentives to develop those lands?Read More

Moving the Needle on Closing the Flood Insurance Gap

In October 2018, the Wharton Risk Center’s Policy Incubator hosted a workshop designed to evaluate policy options for expanding the number of people with flood insurance in the United States. In our most recent issue brief, we present seven approaches that workshop participants felt had the potential to generate substantial increases in take-up rates across the country.Read More

How Insurance Companies Influence Households’ Flood Insurance Choices

Households face a high-stakes problem in selecting an insurance contract. How much coverage should they buy? What deductible should they choose? The household must weigh premiums paid today against losses from an unlikely – but possibly catastrophic – future event such as a flood. Often, the household has never experienced the insured event and may know little about its likelihood.Read More

Local Solutions to Flood Insurance Affordability: Portland’s Flood Insurance Savings Program

In a new issue brief, we examine Portland’s Flood Insurance Savings Program in detail, discussing its structure, participants, and impact on flood insurance premiums. We also identify lessons learned that may be useful to other communities struggling with flood insurance affordability and to policymakers considering NFIP reform.Read More